Soccer: Rules of the Game
With the sport of soccer increasing in popularity, many have realized that the “beautiful game” can at times be quite confusing. As an avid soccer fan, I will take a moment to attempt to explain some of the finer nuances of the game.


It is relatively common knowledge that harsh fouls in soccer result in players being penalized by the referee with cards. There are two different color cards, yellow for more minor infractions and red for major violations. Red cards result in a player being removed for the remainder of the match. Two yellow cards also equal a red and the player's ejection from the match. In tournaments such as the World Cup, card rules can differ but for this year's event the rule is that a red card or the accumulation of two yellows results in the player missing his team’s next match. For example, Brazil’s star midfielder Kaka received two yellow cards in the team’s last match against the Ivory Coast and was removed from the game. That means that Kaka will also be forced to miss Brazil's next game versus Portugal.


The offside rule in soccer is one of the simplest yet least understood in the sport. To remain onside the most forward attacking player must be even with or behind the last defender before the ball is played to him.

Stoppage Time

One of the most commonly asked questions about the sport of soccer is why the clock does not stop during the game. Often times the ball rolls out of bounds or players are injured and several minutes will pass without the game being played. In these circumstances, time is not necessarily wasted due to the fact that the referee simply has a stopwatch and keeps track of the time that play is not in progress. It is then his discretion as to how much time to add to the end of the half and game. For example, once the full 90 minutes have been played you will oftentimes see a +3 or some other number in that range next to the clock. That means that the referee has added an extra 3 minutes to be played.

Common Terms

Nil- refers to a team not having scored a goal. Synonym for 0.

Volley- player kicking the ball while it is in the air.

Cross- player passes the ball from a wide position into the box.

Upper 90- player shoots the ball into the upper corner of the goal, were the post meets the crossbar. 

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